ECOWAS deadline for Guinea-Bissau PR to appoint new Government

As part of the mediation of the political crisis in Guinea-Bissau, ECOWAS issued in April a statement in which it recognized Umaro Sissoco Embaló as President of the country and urged the authorities to nominate a new Government, which respects the results of the 2019 legislatures, until Friday, and the revision of the Constitution.

Despite two rounds of hearings to parties with parliamentary seats, held by Umaro Sissoco Embaló, and a series of meetings held on Thursday between the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC), winner of the legislatures, with the remaining party formations, Guinean politicians were unable to reach an understanding.

PAIGC won the March 2019 legislatures without a majority and made a parliamentary incidence agreement with the United People's Assembly – Democratic Party of Guinea-Bissau (APU-PDGB), New Democracy Party and Union for Change, obtaining 54 of the 102 seats in parliament.

Right at the beginning of the legislature, the leader of the APU-PDGB, Nuno Nabian, who held the position of first deputy speaker of the parliament, became incompatible with the PAIGC and allied with Madem-G15, the country's second political force, with 27 deputies, and the Social Renewal Party (PRS), which elected 21 deputies.

Despite the new alliance, four of the five deputies of the APU-PDGB maintained their loyalty to the parliamentary incidence agreement signed with the PAIGC.

The two blocs claim to have a majority in parliament.

Guinean party sources said the country's President has again called on political parties with parliamentary seats for yet another round of audience to try to overcome the political situation in the country on Monday.

The ongoing negotiations were, however, overshadowed by the kidnapping on Friday of APU-PDGB deputy Marciano Indi, who was eventually released a few hours later.

Marciano Indi is the parliamentary leader of the APU-PDGB and one of the deputies who continues to defend the parliamentary incidence agreement with the PAIGC against the guidelines of his party president.

Guinea-Bissau has been experiencing another period of political crisis since the beginning of the year, after Sissoco Embaló, who was elected as the winner of the elections by the National Elections Commission, declared himself President of the country, despite the fact that a appeal of electoral litigation presented by the candidacy of Domingos Simões Pereira.

Following his inauguration, the Guinean President dismissed the PAIGC Government led by Aristides Gomes and appointed Nuno Nabian, leader of the APU-PDGB, to form a government with the Madem-G15, the PRS and elements of the movement support for former Guinean President José Mário Vaz and former Prime Minister Carlos Gomes Júnior.

Domingos Simões Pereira, leader of the PAIGC, did not accept defeat in the second round of the presidential elections in December and considered that the recognition of the victory of his opponent is “the end of zero tolerance to coups d'état” by ECOWAS.

The European Union, African Union, United Nations, Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries and Portugal praised the decision of the African subregional organization for having resolved the impasse that persisted in the country, but urged that ECOWAS recommendations, especially the to appoint a new Government respecting the result of the latest legislations.

The Supreme Court of Justice referred a position on electoral litigation when the circumstances that determined the state of emergency in the country, declared in the context of combating the pandemic caused by the new coronavirus, are overcome.

MSE // SR

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